Unesco is the United Nation's Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. At the moment, it has 195 member states and its headquarters are located in Paris.
Under the impression of a worldwide massive loss of cultural heritage due to World War II, it was founded in 1945.
Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed.
Preamble to the Constitution of Unesco, signed by 37 states on 16 November 1945 in London
Its declared goal was and is to encourage the peoples of the earth to a peaceful co-existence by emphasising similarities and by establishing more appreciation and tolerance of each other:
The purpose of the Organization is to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations.
Article I.1 of the Unesco Constitution
Unesco offers the broadest range of activities of all the UN's subsidiary organisations: it comprises the four scopes of Education, Science, Communication, and Culture. One of its essential tasks is the conservation of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage.